Marianne Olsson (Norwegia); Membangkitkan Kembali Kebun Kuno

“Kami adalah generasi kelima petani Norwegia. Kami membangun kembali kebun sebagaimana bentuknya pada masa moyang kami di tahun 1840. Untungnya, ada banyak warisan catatan, gambar, dan petunjuk yang bisa kami gunakan sebagai rujukan untuk mendesain kebun kuno itu.

Alasan kami selain untuk mempertahankan tradisi, juga sebab kecintaan kami pada makanan sehat dan baik. Selain itu, ada cita rasa khas dari varian tanaman kebun kuno yang tidak bisa didapatkan dari kebanyakan varietas sayuran modern.

Ladang kami bertempat di Norwegia, tepatnya di suatu pulau dengan danau terbesarnya, Mjosa. Kampung kami, Hedmarken, memiliki tanah yang sangat subur. Ada sekitar 85 hektar lahan siap tanam di sini. Adapun lahan yang kami gunakan untuk membangun 'kebun bersejarah' itu seluas 1 hektar.

Di kebun itu kami menanam beragam jenis buah dan beri. Mulai dari apel, pir, plum, peach, aprikot, anggur, dan lain-lain. Di bagian sayuran, kami punya berbagai jenis tanaman bumbu, selada, bit, kol, labu, dan banyak lagi.

Tanah kami sangat kaya mineral, kami tambahi dengan kompos kotoran ayam tiap musim semi untuk menambah kesuburannya. Kami betul-betul serius menggarap tanahnya, sebab kualitas tanah menentukan hasil tanaman.

Tantangan muncul di musim panas, sebab kebun kami butuh perawatan ekstra, namun hasilnya tetap memuaskan. Kadang keluarga besar kami berlibur di sini untuk ikut berkebun. Lalu setelah berlelah-lelah di kebun siang hari, malam harinya kami masak bersama dengan bahan pangan dari hasil kebun yang kami garap. Sangat memuaskan dan berkesan!

Pada tahun 2014 kami memenangkan Europe Nostra Award sebagai penghargaan atas kebun kuno ini. Di musim panas, kami membuka kesempatan magang bagi para pelajar atau umum. Kami juga bekerja sama dengan bebrapa museum dan lembaga pembenihan untuk melestarikan varietas benih lokal.

Selama musim panas itu pula kami membuka diri untuk para pengunjung yang ingin sekedar mencicipi hasil kebun kami. Ingin kami buktikan dan tunjukkan bahwa kualitas dan kuantitas tanaman pangan yang melimpah juga bisa dihasilkan dengan cara berkebun tradisional."

*Artikel ini disadur atas seijin laman facebook Humans Who Grow Foods, berikut ini artikel aslinya;


Meet Marianne Olssøn from Hedmarken, Norway 🇳🇴  
“I am a fifth generation Norwegian farmer. We have recreated the garden exactly like it was when my great great grandfather built it in the 1840. Luckily we had all a lot of drawings, books, and paintings to use to recreate it.  
Why did we do this? Of course, the family tradition is an important part, but I also have a strong love for good and healthy food. And the quality and flavour that some old varieties have, you will not find in more modern varieties of vegetables and berries.   
Our farm is in Norway, situated on an island in the biggest lake in Norway, Mjøsa. The county, Hedmarken, has very rich soil. We have 85 hectares of growing space. The historical garden is 1 hectare and we have a plum and an apple garden as well.  
In the historical garden we grow all kinds of fruit and berries: apples, pears, plums, peaches, apricots, grapes, gooseberries, red, white and black currants, raspberries etc. In the vegetable garden we have all kind of herbs, salads, beets, artichockes, cabbage, leeks, pumpkins, squash etc. We have a lot of historic varieties. 
We have a rich soil with lots of minerals. We keep adding organic chicken dung in spring to make the soil even more powerful for the growth of the vegetables, berries and fruit. We also use compost. We work a lot with the soil because the soil quality is essential for the produce.    
It is always a challenge to keep up with the garden in summer. The formal garden needs a lot of care, but it is really rewarding. Sometimes a big part of our familiy gathers here for the holidays to work in the garden, and we have family meals with our home grown food in the evenings after a long and hard day of work. These are the evenings to remember! 
We won the Europa Nostra Award in 2014 for the historical garden which was a fantastic reward.   
We have some students and interns working in the garden in the summer. We also work with some museums and seed savers to grow and preserve traditional varieties. We have the garden open in the summer so people can come to see it and taste some of the things growing here. I want to demonstrate that a rich variety of high quality produce can still be grown with the traditional ways of farming.” 
Facebook Hovelsrud gårdInstagram.com/Hovelsrudhagen  Website www.hovelsrud.no 
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*This article is translated and posted under permission from Humans Who Grow Food fanpage.

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